It is a condition where the body fails to produce enough insulin, or the cells in the body do not recognise the insulin that is present. This results in high levels of glucose building up in the blood (also called high blood sugar levels).
Who can get Type 2 Diabetes?
This type of diabetes occurs most often in adulthood, usually after the age of 30 to 40 years. However with rising rates of obesity and people becoming more sedentary, increasing numbers of teenagers and children are unfortunately developing Type 2 Diabetes. You can be at risk of developing it if you are overweight and do not exercise enough. People who have a blood relative with Type 2 Diabetes are also at a higher risk of developing it, especially if they are overweight and have a sedentary lifestyle.
Is it dangerous?
Having excessive levels of glucose in the blood can increase the risk of heart disease and may cause damage to the kidneys, nerves and eyes. About a third of people with Type 2 diabetes also have high blood pressure and/or disordered levels of fats in their blood.
What are the symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
Not everyone will have all or any of the symptoms, but things to watch for are:
- Feeling tired and lacking energy
- Often feeling thirsty
- Often feeling hungry
- Going to the toilet often
- Getting infections frequently and are hard to heal
- Poor eyesight or blurred vision
If you have any of the above symptoms and feel you may be at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes we strongly suggest you discuss these with your doctor.
What is the best thing to do to manage Type 2 Diabetes?
After consulting with your doctor she/he will prescribe the best sort of medication for you. Making changes to your daily lifestyle is very important. The aim of managing your daily life is to lower your blood glucose levels and improve your body’s use of insulin. This can be accomplished by:
- Eat a healthy diet – to maintain healthy blood sugar levels
- Exercise – to help aid weight loss and reduce the risk of heart disease
- Lose weight – to help your body use insulin better